[ti:'Waste Not, Want Not' Is Good Advice] [by:pzw8555.cn] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问pzw8555.cn [00:00.04] [00:08.32]And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English. [00:19.68]Waste. It is something we are often told not to do. [00:25.60]At home, parents tell us not to waste food. [00:29.92]In the classroom, teachers tell us not to waste time. [00:35.24]On a sports team, coaches tell us not to waste energy. [00:41.08]People who do not want to hear our ideas, tell us not to "waste our breath." [00:47.88]Whether it is food, time, energy or breath -- waste is a loss of something valuable. [00:57.00]Waste happens because we use too much of a resource [01:01.20]or because we do not use it well. [01:06.24]We often use "waste" in arguments. [01:10.00]If we are unhappy with someone, we can say: "Don't waste my time." [01:16.40]If we are really unhappy with someone, [01:19.72]we can say to them, "You are a waste of space!" [01:23.96]And if you are not happy with the result of something you have done, [01:29.28]you can say, "Well, that was a complete waste of time." [01:35.84]There are other ways we use the word "waste." [01:39.72]If someone is very sick or is losing a lot of weight, [01:44.76]we can say they are "wasting away." [01:48.80]And if someone has too much alcohol [01:51.72]and cannot control their words and actions, [01:55.40]we can say they are "wasted." [01:59.68]So, those are some ways we use the word "waste." [02:04.40]We also find it in some useful expressions. [02:08.72]Here's the first one: "Haste makes waste." [02:13.44]The online dictionary Merriam-Webster says [02:17.44]this expression was first recorded in 1678. [02:22.28]The full saying was: "Haste makes waste, and waste makes want, [02:29.48]and want makes strife between the good-man and his wife." [02:36.44]"Haste" means doing something very quickly. [02:40.20]"Haste makes waste" means if you hurry and rush while doing something, [02:46.00]you could make mistakes. [02:48.56]And it takes more time and effort to fix mistakes. [02:53.80]So, if someone says, "Hurry up! [02:56.36]It's taking you forever to cut that wood for the house project." [03:01.08]You can simply say: "Haste makes waste. I want to do it right the first time!" [03:08.28]The other common expression is: "Waste not, want not." [03:13.72]This means that if a person never wastes things, [03:18.16]he or she will have what is needed. [03:22.16]We often say this as a response to being very frugal. [03:28.32]Frugal people are careful about spending money or using things. [03:34.08]They are not wasteful. [03:36.92]Here is one way to use it. [03:39.80]Let's say I am carefully putting paper into a pile. [03:44.72]Some of the papers have writing on them, but most do not. [03:50.60]And I think I can still use it for something. [03:54.56]If someone sees me and says, "Why don't you just throw that paper away? [04:00.40]We have lots of paper." [04:02.60]I can say to them, "Waste not, want not." [04:07.56]It is a simple way to say, "I don't want to waste this paper. [04:12.00]If I need it for something later, I'll have it." [04:17.44]Now let's hope learning about "waste" in this Words and Their Stories [04:22.36]was not a "complete waste of your time." [04:26.72]Until next time ... I'm Anna Matteo! [04:29.48]And there's so much time to make up everywhere you turn [04:35.56]Time we have wasted on the way [04:42.96]So much water moving underneath the bridge [04:50.16]Let the water come and carry us away ... [05:00.04]更多听力请访问pzw8555.cn