[ti:Colleges, Business Ask Trump Not to Cut Visa Programs] [by:pzw8555.cn] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问pzw8555.cn [00:00.04]Gregory Minott came to the United States from his native Jamaica [00:06.16]over 20 years ago on a student visa. [00:10.24]He was able to make a career in architecture in America thanks to temporary work visas. [00:18.92]The 43-year-old is now a U.S. citizen and co-creator [00:24.76]of a property development business in Boston, Massachusetts. [00:29.72]But he worries that new proposed restrictions on student and work visas [00:37.24]will prevent others from following a similar path to the American dream. [00:44.16]Minott told the Associated Press that society improves [00:49.32]when there are lots of different kinds of people living and working together. [00:56.08]"To not have peers from other countries collaborating side by side with Americans [01:03.44]is going to be a setback for the country. [01:07.28]We learned from Americans, but Americans also learn from us," he said. [01:13.88]Minott is among the business and academic leaders asking U.S. President Donald Trump [01:22.28]not to expand the temporary visa restriction established in April. [01:28.96]They argue that barring skilled foreign workers will hurt the economy [01:35.36]and limit innovation at a time when it is needed most. [01:41.48]But others say the visa restriction did not go far enough [01:46.44]and have been calling for stronger action. [01:49.96]As COVID-19 spread across the U.S., the president established a 60-day halt [01:58.32]on visas for foreigners seeking permanent residency. [02:04.12]But his April 22 order included a long list of exceptions. [02:10.72]It also did not cover the hundreds of thousands of guest worker [02:16.84]and student visas issued each year. [02:20.68]Republican senators, including Tom Cotton of Arkansas and Ted Cruz of Texas, [02:28.60]argue all new guest worker visas should be suspended for at least 60 days. [02:36.44]That, or until unemployment has returned to normal levels. [02:42.04]In a letter to Trump last month, they wrote, "Given the extreme lack of available jobs ... [02:50.00]it defies common sense to admit additional foreign guest workers [02:55.92]to compete for such limited employment." [02:59.28]Trump administration officials have been debating how long any new order [03:06.20]should remain in place and which industries should be excluded, [03:11.88]like health care and food production. [03:15.48]But officials have made it clear they are considering suspending [03:20.88]H-1B visas for high-skilled workers. [03:25.24]The same goes for H-2B visas for seasonal workers and L-1 visas for employees [03:35.08]leaving their old job for position with a company in the U.S. [03:40.56]In recent weeks, businesses and academic groups have also been voicing concern [03:47.24]about possible changes to the Optional Practical Training, or OPT program. [03:55.60]OPT is a relatively little-known program that permits some 200,000 foreign students [04:04.28]— mostly from China and India — to work in the country each year. [04:09.92]Created in the 1940s, OPT permits international students to work [04:16.72]for up to one year during college or after they complete their studies. [04:22.88]Over the last ten years, the program has been extended [04:27.56]for those studying science, technology, engineering and mathematics. [04:34.16]They can now work for up to three years. [04:38.40]Republican lawmakers have been some of the strongest critics of the program. [04:45.16]But some argued that OPT is necessary [04:49.60]for the country to remain a welcome place for international students. [04:55.36]They wrote to the Trump administration that the students [05:01.20]and their families add more than $40 billion yearly into the economy. [05:06.52]That is despite the fact that they represent [05:10.00]just 5.5 percent of the U.S. college student population. [05:16.16]Companies and academic organizations also warn of a "reverse brain drain." [05:23.56]That is a situation in which foreign students [05:27.04]just take their American education to help another nation's economy. [05:33.32]Some critics say OPT gives companies a financial reason [05:39.12]to employ foreigners over Americans [05:42.40]because they do not have to pay some federal taxes. [05:46.96]The program also lacks oversight and has become a popular path [05:52.76]for foreigners seeking legal permission to stay, said Jessica Vaughan. [05:59.40]She is policy director at the Center for Immigration Studies, [06:04.36]a Washington group that fights for strong immigration limits. [06:09.20]"The government does not require that there be actual training, [06:14.00]and no one checks on the employer or terms of employment," she said. [06:20.44]"Some ... are career ‘students,' going back and forth [06:24.56]between brief ... degree programs and employment, just so they can stay here." [06:31.48]Andrew Tarsy says, in Massachusetts, removing OPT [06:36.64]would put a major part of the state's economy at risk. [06:41.20]He is the co-creator of the Massachusetts Business Immigration Coalition. [06:47.44]Earlier this month the group of nearly 50 businesses and colleges, [06:52.92]including TripAdvisor and the University of Massachusetts, [06:57.92]sent a letter to Trump asking him not to cut the program. [07:03.16]"We attract the brightest people in the world to study here," Tarsy said. [07:09.68]"It's led to the founding of many, many companies [07:13.88]and the creation of new products and services. [07:18.16]It's the bridge for international students." [07:21.64]I'm Pete Musto. 更多听力请访问pzw8555.cn